United Nations Security Council: Kashmir Conflict
The committee will discuss…
One of the longest unsolved disputes between two states possessing nuclear weapons: Pakistan and India. The dispute dates back to 1947 when the British Raj in India came to an end. The Muslim majority areas were to become Pakistan and the Hindu majority areas were to become India. The state of Kashmir had a majority population of Muslims but had a Hindu ruler. Pakistan was worried that the Hindu ruler may cede Kashmir to India and hence sent troops to take control of Kashmir, in reaction to which India sent troops as well. This marked the first armed conflict between India and Pakistan. The international community called for a ceasefire and since then Kashmir remains a disputed territory. It is divided by a military 'Line of Control' with soldiers on either side of a heavily reinforced barrier which has proven to be an occasional flashpoint. This situation has, obviously, resulted in much suffering and tension for the civilian population in the region as a direct result of the sensitive political situation. Allegations of human rights abuses are common and well documented.
The UN has called for a plebiscite to let Kashmir decide its own fate. 72 years have passed, and the situation in Kashmir has not seen much improvement. There is an ongoing threat of further armed conflict between the two nuclear armed countries. This committee will face the challenge of working towards a resolution for the crisis which 72 years of diplomacy have still failed to resolve.